Royal College of Paediatrics & Child Health | October 2018 | Child health in England in 2030: comparisons with other wealthy countries
The Royal College of Paediatrics & Child Health have published Child health in England in 2030: comparisons with other wealthy countries, the RCPCH used long term historical data on key CYP health outcomes and various projection modelling methods to estimate CYP outcomes in 2030 in England compared with other wealthy European and western countries.
England has poorer health outcomes than the average across the EU15+ (the 15 EU countries in 2004 plus Canada, Australia and Norway) in most areas studied. This means that unless current trends improve, England is likely to fall further behind other wealthy countries over the next decade (Source: RCPCH).
Other findings focus on:
Accident & Emergency attendances
The RCPCH makes a number of recommendations relating to:
Education Policy Institute |October 2018 |Access to children and young people’s mental health services- 2018
Access to children and young people’s mental health services- 2018 is the third report in a series from the Education Policy Institute to look at the increased demand for children’s mental health services; what proportion of those referred for support are not accepted and how they are then treated; and what changes to service availability are emerging.
The report is based on freedom of information (FOI) requests to providers of specialist child and mental health services (CAMHS) in England. The report finds that the number of referrals made to CAMHS has increased by a quarter (26 %) in the last five years (Source: Education Policy Institute).
The key findings focus on:
Referrals to children’s mental health services
Waiting times for children’s mental health services
The Children’s Society | August 2018 | The Good Childhood Report 2018
Every year The Children’s Society produces a wellbeing report, a comprehensive report into children’s wellbeing to hear what children have to say about their lives, what makes them happy and what needs to be improved for this generation.
Key findings from the report:
Pressure to fit in with society’s expectations is making children unhappy
Alarming numbers of children are self-harming
Non-stop comments about appearance are harmful to girls’ well-being
Outdated gender stereotypes are damaging to boys’ and girls’ happiness
Family relationships are particularly important for girls
This report confirms many of the issues raised in the Five year forward view for mental health and comments on the difficulties children and young people face in accessing appropriate support for their mental health concerns from a system that is fragmented and where services vary in quality | Care Quality Commission
This report is the first phase of a major thematic review requested by the Prime Minister in January 2017. The Care Quality Commission (CQC) has drawn on existing reports, research and other evidence and its inspections of children and young people’s mental health services, as well as conversations with young people to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the current system.
CQC has found that, whilst most specialist services provide good quality care, too many young people find it difficult to access services and so, do not receive the care that they need when they need it. One young person told CQC that they waited 18 months to receive help.
This report also lays the foundations for the next phase of CQC’s review. Phase two will seek to identify where has there been real change in the system, where change has been slower and what was needed to drive better care.
Education Policy Institute | Published online: November 2016
The Education Policy Institute has identified that specialist mental health services are, on average, turning away 23 per cent, or almost one in four, children and young people referred to them for treatment by their teachers or GPs. We also identified a postcode lottery of waiting times for those whose referrals were accepted.
The Institute’s investigation into progress and challenges in the transformation of children and young people’s mental health care has found wide variation in the quality of local strategies. Under our scoring system, only 15 per cent of local areas were found to have ‘good’ plans. We also identified significant barriers to progress. For example, 8 out of 10 providers face recruitment difficulties, and there has been an 80 per cent increase in expenditure on temporary staffing in the last two years.
This document aims to provide a snapshot of the most recent and salient evidence from published research and grey literature, as relevant to children and young people living in England in 2016. It addresses children and young people’s emotional and mental health difficulties as they manifest and are responded to, highlighting and exploring gender-related issues behind observed patterns across areas of mental health.
This rapid review presents evidence of clear gender differences in children and young people’s emotional and mental health, in terms of:
1. the general picture of children and young people’s emotional and mental health
2. the prevalence of specific difficulties and issues among children and young people
3. children and young people’s coping strategies and help-seeking behaviours
4. responses to children and young people’s emotional and mental health needs from parents and carers, schools, and public services
5. service responses to the needs of some particular groups of children and young people.
Summary of the key messages: Mental health and wellbeing in childhood – why it matters
Pregnancy and early years: critical to a child’s long-term development. Early interactions directly affect the way the brain develops and so the relationship between baby and parents is vital.
Five to 10: once a child has fallen behind in the early years they are more likely to fall further behind than catch up.
11 to 25: those with mental health and conduct disorders are twice as likely to leave school without qualifications.
One in four babies live in households affected by domestic violence, mental illness or drug and alcohol problems.
One in five mothers suffer from depression, anxiety or in some cases psychosis during pregnancy or the first year after birth. Teenage mothers are three times more likely to suffer from post-natal depression.
The cost to the economy is estimated at £8.1 billion for each annual birth cohort – that’s almost £10,000 per baby. Nearly three quarters of that is linked to the impact on the child.
Three quarters of mental health problems develop before the ages of 18.