Temperament and character traits in female adolescents with nonsuicidal self-injury disorder

Tschan, T. et al. (2017) Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health. 11:4

Background: Temperament and character traits of adolescents with nonsuicidal self-injury disorder (NSSI) might differentiate those- with and without comorbid borderline personality disorder (BPD).

Results: Adolescents with NSSI disorder scored significantly higher on novelty seeking and harm avoidance and lower on persistence, self-directedness, and cooperativeness than CC. The NSSI + BPD group scored even higher than the NSSI − BPD group on novelty seeking and harm avoidance and lower on persistence and cooperativeness (d ≥ 0.72). Adolescents with NSSI reported higher levels of impulsivity than the CC and NC group. However, this difference was not found in a Go/NoGo task.

Conclusions: The results provide further evidence for a distinct diagnostic entity of NSSI disorder.

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